Showing posts with label Wellbeing. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Wellbeing. Show all posts

About Eye Needle Pain from Retina Injection Treatment - Patient's Perspective

The actual process of what happens during the AMD retina needle injection treatment from a patient's point of view.

This page is written by a patient for the purpose of alleviating other patient's fears and concerns  associated with the needle injection in the eye, retina treatment.

Description includes what happens before, during, and after the procedure; as well as what to expect the next day or two afterward. This is a patient's description and does not give medical advice, though things the doctors office said are reported and a couple of government website resources are included.

This was a whole new experience for me and as a side note, I had no idea what to expect; so I decided to get the grocery trip and all the chores done beforehand. Turned out to be the wise thing to do. You are not really going to feel like doing much of anything for the first couple of days afterward.

Wet Macular Degeneration and the Needle in the Eye Injection Treatment; Overall Procedure Description; After Effects


Quick Introduction

As a patient, I just had this done to me February 2018 (now includes updates from my March 2018 treatment,). Here is a description of the actual treatment, procedures involved, and the experiences before, during, and after. These are my own, personal experiences; your results may vary. It should also be mentioned there are needle-in-the-eye, retina injection treatments for diseases other than AMD and different stages of AMD and also there are different medicines that are used; so what the retina specialist informs/instructs you may be different than what the retina specialist informed/instructed me.

The Actual Eye Needle Injection

Since the purpose of this page is to eliminate as soon as possible the dread concerning what you are wondering will happen and the expected pain involved, am starting with the description of the needle retina injection first. It is good news.
  • Sedatives may have been offered to you earlier.
  • You will sit down in a somewhat reclining chair.
  • A very small needle will be injected in probably a hand vein, purpose being to inject a dye to assist the doctor when viewing your eye(s) yet again. It was barely a pinprick, over within just a few seconds.
  • The doctor will inform you he will not be putting the needle in your eye until he is actually ready to do so. In other words, you don't have to sit/lie there wondering when it is going to happen.
  • Yet more eye drops will be put in your eye(s) and the doctor will be looking into your eyes with bright lights yet again.
  • There will be a burning feeling in your eyes. The burning will get worse; but then subsides.
  • Your eyes will be watering all over the place, don't worry about it.
  • The doctor and assistant will be wearing surgical masks. No one is supposed to do any unnecessary talking, including you
  • The doctor will place a small device on your eye, purpose being so you don't blink during or immediately after the injection.
  • The doctor will inform you he is ready to make the injection and will instruct you to look in a certain direction and to concentrate on looking in that direction.
  • By now, the eye drops have made your eye totally numb.
  • The injection will be in the side of the eye, not the front.
  • You won't see the needle.
  •  You won't feel the needle.
  • The needle will be in and out before you even know what happened.
  • The hole the needle created seals itself immediately.
So basically, there's discomfort during the process, but you don't have to be concerned as to the pain aspect. The bark of the concept is worse than the bite of the actual event. Speaking of discomfort, there will be some of that before and after the injection as well. What follows is about the before and after experiences. As with the needle injection, knowing what to expect will pretty much remove the stress factor. 

The Doctor Visit Before the Eye Needle Injection Visit

The usual chart exam, the usual other tests, the doctor doing the usual dilating and looking into your eyes with the bright lights, the usual picture taking, and whatever other tests might be called for. I only mention this because it might give the false impression that everything has been taken care of and only the eye injection(s) remains when you go to your next appointment; such is not the case. They are only getting started.

The Eye Injection Visit Procedures Before the Actual Needle Injection Is Done

Sedatives may be available. Your will be subjected to more eye drops, more tests, more bright lights, more eye pictures (dozens?), more technicians/doctors shining more bright lights in your eyes than you can imagine. You will also be bombarded with all sorts of important information during this entire process. By the time it is time for the actual needle injection, you will be pretty much one confused, disoriented, temporarily light and eye drop blinded mess. You will be guided into the eye injection room.

[The actual injection procedure is described earlier,
right after the quick intro in case you missed it]

After the Eye Needle Injection Procedure

I somehow ended up back at the front desk. I was handed a piece of paper and told it was my next appointment; Since I temporarily couldn't read the side of a barn, I told her I would take her word for it. [March update: am at the exit counter being handed my next appointment. I suddenly said, "Where's my glasses?" Turns out I was wearing them.]

This would be a good time to mention that sometime during all of the above and immediately afterwards, I was informed that:
  • Keep eyes closed.
  • Do not watch TV or use computer. Forget about reading.
  • Do not rub, touch, bump eye.
  • Do not let water get near eye for three days at least.
  • Put the prescribed anti-bacterial drops in eye(s) four times a day for four days. Real pain in the neck for me, I missed the eye more often that hit. Fortunately, apparently the prescription takes that into account; sufficient quantity was provided to get the job done.
  • Do not engage in manual labor or other strenuous activities for four days. [March 2018 update: was informed this has more to do with doing anything that raises blood pressure than anything else.]
  • Was warned about possible pain afterwards, but so far none. If there is pain, was told to take OTC painkillers; but if really severe pain or severe vision loss, then to immediately call them.
  • Was forewarned to expect the floaters.
It should also be mentioned, do not even think of trying to drive home. For that matter, taking a few days off work and also skipping driving at all during that time is highly recommended.

My Black Spots Floaters Experience

  • While waiting for my ride, I noticed I had six, black floating  floaters. They must of been heavy. Whatever direction I moved my eyes or head, gravity dragged them downward. Two were large; two were medium, two were small.
  • Since I was supposed to keep my eye closed and no TV/computer/exercise or such; when I got home, I just went to bed and was actually able to fall asleep. When I woke up. the two smallest floaters were gone. [March 2018 update: deliberately got up extremely early; when I got home, went to bed and was able to sleep through to the next day.]
  • By the end of the day, the two large floaters and two small floaters had changed to one large and three small.
  • The next morning was seeing just one medium-to-small floater. That little critter hopped all over the place as I was working on the computer. A few hours later, that floater also departed the scene.
  • [March 2018 update. Only one medium-to-large black spot floater immediately afterwards this time. Disappeared in less than 30 hours.]

I Decided to Call the Office and Ask Them a Few Questions. Here Are the Answers.

  • The floaters are the actual medicine dissolving.
  • Do not consume anything for the next few days that thins the blood, this includes alcohol. However, high blood pressure medication is apparently fine. For that matter, I don't even know if blood pressure medication thins the blood or not; better safe than sorry. Might depend on which medication is used, there are dozens; be sure the doctor knows.
  • Vision can remain blurry or be double vision for a day or maybe two. The eye drops also cause blurriness for a few minutes.
  • The TV and computer ban only applied for the remainder of the treatment day.

Couple of Extra Reminder Notes

  • The day after treatment, there was still blurriness and double vision issues in the morning. By around noon, all had cleared up.
  • By the next day, I was feeling downright cheerful again; but still no desire to do much.

Some Macular Degeneration Federal National Institute of Health Resources


The greatest fear is that of the unknown. Now you know what to expect. Not the most fun experience one will ever have, but certainly not the worst.


Barium Sulfate Taste and What to Expect

Turns out that drinking barium sulfate is no big deal.


Doc and/or medical service provider specified a test requiring major, pre-test, drinking consumption of a barium sulfate solution. You'll usually need to drink it the day before the test and just prior to the test. In other words, they do have you drink several doses prior to the CT.

I immediately did the research on the .gov sites and elsewhere. I ended up with the impression that I was going to gag on the stuff.That information is false. It was bland and no big deal whatsoever. They'll even give you a choice as to flavor. I ended up with vanilla.

Again. The stuff was just plain bland. No problem. No big deal. I hope this post helps mitigate all the false information out there.And I might add, the volume looks a lot larger that it is. A few medium sips did the trick for each dosage. No need to to do large swallows or such. Do shake the stuff before drinking as the bottle says; an even mixture gives the technician and doc what they need.

Help with Medical Bills Federal and State Websites

These websites will actually help you when a medical entity victimizes you with inflated or outright fraudulent medical bills and/or denied insurance claims.

This includes hospitals, general doctors, specialists, X-ray places, CT scan or PET scan centers, blood test places, and pretty much any other medical facility or entity that engages in illegal or unethical conduct. Emphasis is on illegal, unethical contracts and on illegal, unethical billing practices. Also includes resources regarding insurance company misconduct or for when a Medicare, Medicaid, or Medi-Cal case worker makes a mistake or acts in bad faith. Sooner or later, you will need the information on this page.

Medical Federal and California (and other) State Government Websites That Will Help You When an Insurance Company or Service Provider Victimizes You – Also Some Worthwhile Additional Information


Patients Rights Help and Support Resource List

A list of resources regarding the rights patients are legally supposed to have. Many provide complaint forms and will actually help you. All listed websites are government or other well-known, reputable resources. All links go directly to the website's patients rights page and/or patients help page.
  • MedlinePlus, from the U.S. Library of National Medicine.
  • HealthCare.gov, your rights under the Affordable Care Act.
  • Medicare.gov, your Medicare rights.
  • The Medicare Beneficiary Ombudsman. , a resource for filing complaints, grievances, appeals, etc.; in other words, a place to rat out medical service providers. The page also promises to provide information, help, assistance, and other services. The page is apparently also the starting point for when you need to deal with Medicare's own shenanigans.
  • CMS.gov, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The particular link I provided has to do with Consumer Information & Insurance Oversight. The page may not especially look it, but these guys are your friend. Sometimes, out of the blue and without any action on your part, they will send you notices a particular medical bill from a medical service provider or insurance entity is not valid and that you don't have to pay it. This website is definitely worth prowling around when you have the time.
  • California Department of Public Health (CDPH), the go-to page for filing medical complaints in California.
  • Office of the Patient Advocate (OPA), another go-to page for filing medical complaints in California.
  • CDSS is another California site that my be able to help you, especially as applies to local office Medi-Cal screw-ups.
  • Google. For folks not in California, simply do a search for:
    "YourStateNameHere patients rights site:.gov" (without the quotes and be sure to include the exact "site:.gov" syntax).
If a link suddenly stops working, it means the website moved that particular page. Let me know in the comments section and I'll find and post the new location.

Some Tips for When Dealing with the Medical Bureaucracy

  • The Medicare 1-800-633-4227 number is open 24/7. They have always been friendly, professional, and helpful.
  • Referring doctors make paperwork mistakes all the time. Whenever possible make sure the medical treatment specifications match what the Medicare white book says. This is mostly applicable to preventive services. Not kidding here, make sure the doctor's instructions exactly match what the white book specifies. I've personally saved myself one financial disaster already by doing this.
  • Never walk into a medical service provider's diagnostic center without the proper Medicare COPD 5-digit code included on the referral paperwork. 
  • Referring doctors make paperwork mistakes all the time (did I mention that already?). Always call the Medicare number first and verify the accuracy of the Medicare code on the paperwork before going to the specialist's or medical service provider's office. Confirm with Medicare that the Medicare code number is valid for your circumstances and procedure(s) and that Medicare will approve and pay for the procedure.
  • When referred to a specialist, sometimes a COPD code isn't provided; the specialist adds the code after the fact. Your only defense against this is having diagnostic information showing the necessity of the visit to the specialist, e.g., CAT scan shows potential malignancies in lungs, thus being referred to a pulmonologist makes medical sense. If the specialists uses the wrong code(s) after the fact and the claim is denied, don't just give up. Work with Medicare and the specialist to get the mistake straightened out and resubmit the claim.
  • The referring doctor does not not always know if the referred specialist or medical service provider takes Medicare, Medicaid, Medi-Cal, etc. When you walk into that referred specialist's office or medical service center for the first time and have identified yourself, always ask first:
  1. Does Medicare accept you and do you accept Medicare as full payment, secondary insurance covering remaining balance?
  2. Does Medicaid//Medi-Cal/Etc. accept you and do you accept Medicaid, Medi-Cal, etc. or whatever other supporting insurance applicable in your situation as full payment?
If any part of their answer is no, leave immediately. As a Medicare beneficiary, you have the right to go to any Medicare specialist or service provider center you wish. Tell your primary, referring doctor what happened and they'll take care of it.

An important note. If a medical entity financially victimizes you or is trying to victimize you happens to be a referral from your doctor, first check with Medicare via their website and/or phone calls and find out exactly what is going on. If that doesn't clarify or fix the situation, then tell your doctor's office all about it. They might be able to fix the problem with just one phone call to the offending medical entity; not so surprisingly, your doctor's office will often be quite successful at this.

A personal note. That medical contract you are always forced to sign is basically a blank check allowing the medical entity to do whatever they want. You've given them the right to do anything and everything their hearts desire and then to bill you for whatever insurance doesn't cover. For that reason, I always print directly above my signature the following in caps:

"ONLY PROVIDE INSURANCE COVERED SERVICES ONLY"

If the medical service provider then refuses you as a patient, immediately inform your primary physician that referred you. If that doesn't solve the problem, i.e., your doctor being able to find a different service provider in the area; I'd personally let Medicare, Medicaid/Medi-Cal, and any other involved insurance/government entity know all about it. I would think they would all want to know about a medical service provider that turns away patients simply because that patient only wants those services that are covered by insurance. Who knows? They might even be able to help you.

An update (Medical Hack(?)). Someone sent me this. I do not know if it is true or not. It sure would be interesting to find out:


I'm continuing to look for other government medical websites that help patients when it comes to money issues. If you happen to know of one, please mention it in comments. I'll be happy to include it on the list. Federal sites are preferred, but sites specific to your state are also welcome.

How to Make St. John's Wort Tea from Capsules (Herbal)

St. John's Wort is well known for its depression and anxiety alleviating properties. More about that further down the page, along with some notes and warnings. Some federal website resources are also listed. And after the St. John's Wort herbal tea recipe is a short list of other natural ways to get rid of depression and/or constant feelings of fear. All of them are effective, simple and easy.

Klamath Weed aka St. John's Wort ( Hypericum perforatum )

The Make Your Own St. John's Wort Tea Recipe

St. John's Wort tea and other herbal teas are expensive. There is absolutely no reason to buy them when you can make your own for less than one-tenth the cost. So forget those messy teabags and all the preparations that go with them. Here is your incredibly inexpensive, best, quick, and easiest way to make your own.

This really shouldn't be called a recipe. The word, "recipe", implies preparation and work; there is none of that here.

  1. First proceed to any drugstore, health food store, or other favorite place selling herbal supplements. Find the St. John's Wort supplements in powdered, capsule form. As with the other herbs, probably all the brands will be in this form. But do check to be sure. If you don't already have a favorite brand, it is worth an extra few minutes to do some price checking. There can be a wide variance in unit pricing when it comes to actual ingredients: milligrams, number of capsules, and total price.
  2. Open the capsule and sprinkle the powder into the microwavable coffee cup. Fill with water to the same level as you would when making instant coffee. You don't even have to bother to stir it. Never taken apart capsules before? It can be a challenge for the inexperienced. But in fairly short order, it will become nothing more than a 2-second task. A quick how-to for newbies: wash and completely dry hands first, otherwise, slippery fingers can make the task impossible; gently twist the two capsule halves back-and-forth against each other, and gradually separate over the cup; twiddle the capsule halves over the cup until all the powder has come out.
  3. Microwave as you would instant coffee. Never made instant coffee? Depending on the wattage and age of the microwave oven, zap it for up to 2 minutes.
  4. Stir, let cool, stir again, enjoy.
And that is all there is to it.

And as an interesting side note, this recipe works equally well when making Valerian tea. Valerian is known for its anti-anxiety properties as well, though it works in the Valium way as opposed to the St. John's Wort serotonin reuptake inhibitor way. As with St. John"Wort, the tea form is considerably stronger than the simply ingesting capsule method.

How Many Capsules?

Routinely, I use just one capsule. However, if particularly stressed or depressed, I will use two. More than that can sometimes cause digestive problems.

With Instant Coffee

There is certainly nothing wrong with sprinkling St. John's Wort capsule powder over the instant coffee flakes when making the second cup of morning coffee... Don't go overboard with the stuff. Too much of anything is almost always not a good idea.

This medicinal plant has helped many people overcome depression.

Some General Opinions – Notes – Warnings

Saint John's Wort does indeed work as to alleviating depression and anxiety. It does this by increasing a person's serotonin levels. Consuming St. John's Wort in tea form, as opposed to just taking the capsules with food, can greatly increase its effectiveness. Though one will sometimes feel immediate side effects with that first cup of tea, it can be several days before a consistent mood change is noticed. Needless to say, your results may vary.

Reputable websites advise St. John's Wort mixed with certain other medications do not always work well together; this is especially applicable to certain prescription drugs. If you are taking St. John's Wort, whether by supplement or by tea, let your doctor and pharmacist know. And be sure to read the warning/caution label on the St. John's Wort container. And particularly read all the documentation included with the prescription to see if St. John's Wort is mentioned. Not kidding about telling your doctor and pharmacist. As an example, note item three in the list below. You just never know, but your doctor and pharmacist will.

Here Are Four Federal Website Pages One Should Read Concerning St. John's Wort and Its Properties

Don't forget about the list below that was referenced at the beginning of this page. With or without the tea, they will make you feel better. All items listed are from federal medical websites. They work.

End of St. John's Wort Herbal Tea "Recipe"


List of Natural Ways to Feel Better and Feel Good


The human body naturally produces a chemical known as serotonin. Medical science has generally agreed that one's level of brain serotonin affects mood. The higher one's natural level of serotonin, the better one normally feels.

How to Naturally Increase Serotonin Levels

  • The primary environmental factor that affects serotonin levels is light; the more light the better.So do open those drapes first thing every morning. If you do not already go out into the world everyday, then make it a point to go outside in the sunlight for awhile; even just 15 minutes can make a difference. Not much sunlight where you live? The NIH link further down the page has some comments and an indoor answer for that.
  •  Exercise radically affects serotonin levels. Even just a little exercise can do wonders. But generally the more of it the better. So if you generally sit all day, get up frequently and do other things. There's the obvious solution of jogging or some other exercise regime, but why not just do something that is productive or fun instead? This List of Things to Do When Bored includes all sorts of physically active things to do.
  • Good nutrition of course is also a factor. The B-Complex vitamins are particularly important as to emotional stability. As an example, a vitamin B-1 deficiency can cause unwarranted feelings of fear; a vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause unwarranted feelings of guilt; folic acid is another B vitamin that is vital to mental well-being. Personally, I take a B-50 Complex vitamin supplement with food every other day or so. And I chew it so it doesn't just pass through the digestive tract untouched; same with the general multivitamin supplement I occasionally take. Sometimes negative emotions are caused by nothing more than low blood sugar, simply eating something can do wonders in such cases.
  • Tryptophan is an amino acid in protein that raises serotonin levels. There is a lot of false nutritional information out there as to which foods will increase your brain's tryptophan levels. The NIH link below covers this in detail. Some of the information is quite surprising as a matter of fact. Chickpeas (aka garbanzo beans) and dairy products appear to be the only foods that have a chance of increasing the brain's serotonin levels.


The US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health has an article on how to increase serotonin in the human brain without drugs. It pretty much tells you everything you would ever want to know as to increasing serotonin levels and feeling good.

May we all have increased happiness in life.

How to Make Your Own NZT Substitute

[Side Note. There actually are some real brain and anti-brain natural foods. They are listed towards the end of the page. Meanwhile, onto the NZT...]

I recently discovered a series on Netflix called Limitless, an excellent show by-the-way. A major part of the plot is a memory-enhancing, mind- expanding, fictional drug called NZT-48.


NZT Is Not Real

Along about episode five or six of the show, it occurred to me on a whim to do an internet search for NZT. I was nonplussed to discover there were both ads and websites purporting to sell this imaginary drug. The prices that I noticed ranged from $50 to over $100. I shall not comment about those ads or websites.

It then occurred to me to do a search for any real drugs that can enhance memory and boost brain function...

How to Make Your Own "NZT" at Home

It appears the only widely recognized, memory enhancing, brain-boosting, OTC "drug" out there is the well-known herb, ginkgo biloba. Valerian is a well-known herb that reduces stress. The St. John's Wort herb has been scientifically proven to increase the brain's serotonin levels; serotonin is the well-known brain chemical that enhances one's sense-of-well-being.

Quite frankly, it has been my experience that taking these herbs in their original capsule form has no effect whatsoever. I suspect this is because 90% of it passes through the digestive system undigested. Tea form, however, is an entirely different matter. Like many beverages, it passes directly from the stomach to the bloodstream. In this form, the effects can increase 10-fold.

3-herb, synergistic, tea concoction

  • 2 capsules ginkgo biloba
  • 1 capsule valerian
  • 1 capsule St John's Wort
Note the milligram content of the respective capsules. You are striving for a 50%:25%:25% mixture ratio. Over time, you may decide to formulate your own ratios.

If needed, this particular herb article explains exactly how to turn the capsules into tea, i.e., taking apart the capsules, microwave times, etc.

Do not drink more than one cup of this tea per day. If you drink more, your digestive tract will probably issue a rather unpleasant complaint. For that matter, even the first-time, single cup might elicit a sit-down as well.

Will it do what NZT does? Of course not, but it is better than nothing. Besides, without the imaginary enzyme to protect you against the imaginary NZT, the imaginary side-effects would eventually kill you anyway.

This 3-herb, tea concoction will temporarily impair your ability to drive, operate machinery, climb a ladder, or even safely use a pair of scissors, etc. So don't do any of those things or anything similar for awhile. The valerian component could very well induce a pleasant, afternoon nap. The ginkgo biloba and St. John's Wort components won't begin to have the sought-for effects until maybe a week's worth of daily tea consumption. However, the possibly disorienting side-effects occur almost immediately along with the valerian sedative effect.

 Effects are much more pronounced on an empty stomach.

A necessary medical warning as to the St. John's Wort component

As noted in the above referenced herb article relating to converting capsules into tea, St. John's Wort is the real deal when it comes to alleviating anxiety and depression. The effects are significant enough and pronounced enough that many websites advise when St. John's Wort is mixed with certain other medications, there is the possibility they may not interact well; this includes certain prescription drugs. If you are taking St. John's Wort in any form, let the doctor and pharmacist know. And read the warnings and cautions on the St. John's Wort container. And check the documentation included with any prescriptions you are taking to see if St. John's Wort is mentioned. Actually, it's a good idea to tell your doctor about all herbs and supplements you may be taking, even plain old multivitamins.


And while we are at it, here is a relevant article from the National Institute of Health about brain foods and anti-brain foods.

Brain Foods

  • Fish-derived omega-3 fatty acids
  • Spinach, nuts, and other foods rich in vitamin E
  • Curcumin (found in the spice, turmeric)
  • Coffee and other foods/beverages containing caffeine (but not to excess)

Anti-Brain Foods

  • Cheese, butter, whole milk, cream, regular ice cream, fatty fresh and processed meats, and any other foods high in saturated fat
  • Candy, cookies, doughnuts, cake, lemonade, sodas, punch, and any other foods or beverages high in refined sugar
The NIH article has additional information.

Benefits of Kelp Supplements. No Energy? Kelp (also known as seaweed) supplements may be the answer.


Kelp Ocean Forest

This page is premised on you are healthy, practicing good nutrition, physically active, and are already doing everything else to naturally feel good. If still suffering from lack of energy, then kelp supplements may be the answer.

Why so? Kelp is loaded with the mineral iodine. The iodine will go directly to your thyroid and kick-start it. A fully active thyroid makes one become fully energetic.

Kelp and certain other seaweed also have minute traces of every other mineral known to man. So if you happen to be lacking in any of those, kelp supplements will take care of that, too.

Suggested use is one kelp supplement per day; frankly, I think that is excessive. Too much of anything is not a good idea. Personally, I only take one once in awhile when I seem to have no energy.

So next time you have no energy for no discernible reason, chew a kelp supplement with food. Do take early in the morning. If taken later in the day, you might not be able to fall asleep come bedtime.

Kelp Supplements

Kelp and other seaweed supplements may or may not be available at your local or national chain drugstore; some have it, some don't. Worst case scenario, you will have to work up the energy to go to your local health food store; they will definitely have it.

A warning note. Some people are allergic to shellfish (high iodine) the same way some people are allergic to peanuts for example. So maybe just nibble a very small piece of one tablet the first time around?

List of Foods Rich in Vitamin D

Vitamin D Deficiency, a Growing Health Concern.


Fortified milk is a good source of vitamin D.

If you are out in the sun all day everyday, then you need not be concerned. Your body will manufacture all the vitamin D it needs from the ultraviolet light you absorb. However, as you get older, one loses this ability.

Also, if yours is an indoor life; you may not be getting enough of this vitamin.

And to compound the problem, there are not that many foods that have it.
  • Fortified milk seems to be America's primary source for vitamin D.
  • Other dairy products also have a smattering of it.
  • Fish foods have vitamin D. Swordfish and and especially sockeye salmon are the big two. Tuna comes in third. And if you want to give yourself a mega-dose, a tablespoon of cod liver oil will give you over 300% of the body’s daily requirement.
  • Liver has it.
  • Fortified orange juice has a decent amount.
  • Multivitamins generally have 100% to 200% of the recommended daily dosage. Needless to say, check the label.

Sockeye salmon is a good vitamin D source.

For more than you could ever possibly want to know about vitamin D, here is the relevant federal  National Institutes of Health page about vitamin D.

As a side note,  I am an older person. My doc says I should take vitamin D3 supplements (4,000 IU's (international units), daily). Apparently, us older folks don't manufacture vitamin D from sunshine as well as we used to. Vitamin D supplements are available at any drugstore.

Mercury Contamination Info for Fish and Other Seafood - Safe and Unsafe

Fish - Seafood - Mercury Contamination Lists

Fish and Mercury Contamination – A General Rule of Thumb

The larger the particular seafood species and the longer that species normally lives, the higher that species' mercury content and levels.

This is the result of two factors:
  • Larger fish consume more food, and therefor consume more mercury.
  • Longer-living species consume more food than shorter-lived species, thus again consuming more mercury. 

Basic Ranking List of Fish and Seafood Species And Their Mercury Content Levels

List of Fish and Seafood Having the Highest Mercury Concentrations

The following list of fish species having the worst mercury content contamination. The mercury levels are so high, the EPA flatly states that pregnant women (and women trying to become pregnant) and young children should not eat them at all.
  • King Mackerel
  • Tilefish
  • Swordfish
  • Shark 

List of Seafood and Fish That Are Lower in Mercury Content

Considered safe to eat by pregnant women and young children in moderation, two 6-ounce portions spread out over the course of a week.
  • Salmon
  • Shrimp
  • Pacific oysters
  • Sardines
  • Herring
  • Pollock
  • Trout
  • Catfish
  • Anchovies
  • Atlantic and Pacific mackerel
  • Fish sticks, other fast-food fish, etc.
  • Canned, light tuna. Note. Albacore tuna has more mercury than light tuna. The EPA recommendation for albacore tuna is only one 6-ounce can a week. 

Basic List of Nutrition Information for Fish and Other Seafood

Generally rich in:
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Protein 
  • B vitamins
  • Vitamin E
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc
  • Iron
  • Red sockeye salmon is especially rich in vitamin D. Most people do not get enough of this vitamin.
  • Shellfish is loaded with iodine. It turns out that some people can have major allergic reactions to this particular mineral.

List of Legitimate Medical Website Resources

Updated for Year 2018


And do note the final resource listed under the $100 bills.
You will be glad you did.


Resource Description
Fighting Patient Financial Abuse Patients Forced to Sign SWAG Medical Contracts Under Duress. Includes additional resources to fight back.
...nih.gov/... Patient rights, and much more.
consumer.gov/... Patient rights, and much more.
calpatientguide California patient rights, and much more.
CMS.HHS.gov Centers for Medicare/Medicaid Services. Includes nursing home ratings.
Medicare Medicare Information.
amdcanada Macular Degeneration. Amsler Grid.

Resource Description
MayoClinic Seems to have it all.
Merck The Merck Manual. The medical standard.
WebMD This and that, more...
drugstore Popular pharmacy.
pparx Prescription cost assistance directory.
HealthWorld Health answers, medline, more.
HealthLibray Stanford Health Library.
HealthAnswer Health/Medical answers.
InteliHealth Health/Medical answers.
MedExpert Has every medical link on the planet, more....
healthgrades Research hospitals/physicians/more. Free & fee.
QualityCheck Hospital ratings, more.
nhcaa National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association.
FDA Food and Drug Administration.
NLM Federal National Library of Medicine.
alz.org Alzheimer's info.

Resource Information About Specific Doctors
A.M.A. The American Medical Association. Basic background info and a whole bunch of other stuff.
A.B.M. Specialties Board certification status.
Admin. in Med. Misconduct, malpractice, criminal data.
A.D.A. American Dental Association.
doctoroogle The Good Dentist Guide - By Patients for Patients.

Hi, all. I do my best to keep this page current. If a broken link shows up here, please let me know via the comments section.

This Has to Stop

Last, but not least, Here is a page dedicated exclusively to patient financial victimization.